Short history of Oradea
Oradea, formerly Oradea Mare, (in German Großwardein, in Latin Magnovaradinum) is the municipality of residence of Bihor County, Romania. It is located in western Romania, on the Crisul Repede River, near the border with Hungary.
The spa resorts Băile Felix and Băile 1 Mai are at a distance of 8 km and 4 km from the city, respectively. In addition to the internationally recognized thermal waters for their therapeutic effects, in this area, there is a spectacular karst formation, more precisely, a ravine with a depth of 86 meters, called in the area “Craterul de la Betfia” and Pârâul Peța, with unique tropical vegetation in Europe.
For centuries, the city of Oradea has been an important reference point for the area, being the most important cultural and commercial center. In the Middle Ages, there was an astronomical observatory in the Oradea Fortress, and astronomers working there used the Oradea meridian as a 0 ° meridian.
Oradea tourism is starting to develop, with Oradea participating, together with Băile Felix, in the Vienna Tourism Fair in January 2015.
Oradea was and is a cosmopolitan city, inhabited by Romanians, Hungarians, Italians, Germans, Jews, etc. All of them contributed to the development of the city and to a part of the cultural and architectural baggage. It is also the city where Christianity is encountered in its various forms of manifestation from Orthodox, Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Reformed, Unitarian, and Neo-Protestant, embodied in a large number of places of worship.
Currently, Oradea is also called the Art Nouveau capital of Romania due to the large number of buildings belonging to this style. The city impresses with its architectural beauty, owning most of the Secession-style buildings in Romania, but also concentrates a lot of restaurants, pubs and teahouses, so as to keep your curiosity and goodwill active.
To do in Oradea List (Top 3 and others)
1. Let’s put a padlock on the Bridge of Intellectuals
With a history of 150 years, the current Intellectuals’ Bridge, which has served as a walkway since 1850, connects the Freedom Park and December 1 Park, between the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Law, between many historical monuments and important points in the city of Oradea, among the stories of those who decided as a sign of love, brotherhood, or for any other purpose, to symbolically block, of course, their special moments and covenants through the locks “closed” and always present on the bridge. The Intellectuals Bridge offers the possibility for both the citizens of Oradea and the tourists to admire the passing swans, the flowing water, the city that can be seen in the distance, or simply to step towards the other shore.
2. Let’s admire the city from the town hall tower
The tower is almost 50 m high. It has 4 main levels, three of which are panoramic. On the first level was the clock mechanism – called the “mother clock” which was built in the early twentieth century in 1904 by a locksmith named Mezey Dezső and this clock sings at fixed hours “Iancu’s March”.
Level II presents a panorama from 33.85 m. Level III, located at 40.25 m, has mounted on the parapet of the balcony several huge functional hammers, which knock three times every quarter of an hour.
Level IV offers the possibility to observe in detail the tourist objectives in the central area of the city with the help of a telescope. Access to this level can be made in a number of 5 people due to the limited space.
3. The exterior and interior of the Church with the Moon
Two of the peculiarities that give uniqueness to the Church with the Moon, from Oradea, are the medallion portrait of Horea, placed in the keystone of the vault between the nave and the apse of the altar, image that crowns the iconostasis and the mechanism made by Georg Rueppe, in 1793, and placed in the cathedral tower. This is the ingenious mechanism which, through its half-golden, half-black globe, indicates the lunar phases.
4. Negotiations through Ocska (100 Square)
5. Let’s admire Oradea from Ciupercă hill
6. Visiting the historic center of Unirii Square
7. Oradea Fortress exclusively from Transylvania
8. Get rid of the fast pace of the city at the Nymphaea Aquapark
9. Zion Synagogue a space for contemporary arts
10. Walking or jogging on the banks of the Cris River
11. Visit the Darvas House – La Roche
12. Visit the Zoo a universe of childhood and curiosity
13. Music lovers can not miss a show at the State Philharmonic in Oradea
To fully enjoy the trip, you must stay at the most welcoming guesthouse nearby, Boros Guesthouse. The Boros Guesthouse is located 60 km from the Oradea.